The Somnath Temple, one among the twelve jyotirlinga sanctum of Lord Shiva is positioned in the Prabhas Kshetra in close vicinity to veraval in Saurashtra. Lying on the western coast of Gujarat, India, the Somnath Temple is also popularly known as “the Shrine Eternal”. The term Somnath, symbolizing “The protector of the Moon God” has been devastated and rebuilt six times. Lately the temple was reconstructed in November, 1947 on the visit of the famous Government official Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel who came for the purpose of unification of junagadh and proposed the plan for reconstructing the temple. Even after his death, the construction work was carried under the supervision another minister of Government of India, Mr. K.M Munshi.
At a distance of 79 kilometers from junagadh lying in Prabhas Kshetra close by Veraval, the Somnath Temple is one of the most renowned and believed temples located on the Western Coast of India. Having survived the enormous annihilation of time, Somnath holds the position of an ideal holy land among Hindus. The temple also holds a lot of connections with the historical legends responsible for its existence and origin. Living since ages, the temple’s wealth and structure was frequently looted and hampered by the various invaders who conquered India.
Somnath Temple is also famous and known by many other names like Prabhas Pattan, Deo Pattan and Somnath Pattan. In the history, the Somnath Temple was even known as the storehouse of goodies and wealth, a major part of which was plundered away by the then Muslim rulers. The temple is a perfect symbol of an old Indian temple. Serving as a home to one among the twelve most believed in lingas of the hindu mythology i.e. jyotirlingas, the Somnath Temple is believed to have attracted many of its believers since ancient time.
It was visited by thousands of religious believers from all parts of the country. Not only was this, revenue for the temple was collected from approximately 10,000 villages for its maintenance. Existing since ages, the Somnath Temple is believed to be the long living holy pantheon of fame and glory. The temple has a lot of mythological connections to it as well. It is the belief of the people that this sacred temple was built by the moon god –Somraj out of Gold. Later it was rebuilt by another mythological ruler “Ravana” with silver. Not only this, Lord Krishna in his “Vishnu” avatar also reconstructed the temple with wood. During the 10th century again, Somnath Temple was reconstructed by King Bhimdev Solanki.